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2018, Encyclopedia of Database Systems, Pages 2590-2596

Ontology-Based Data Access and Integration (02d Voce di Enciclopedia/Dizionario)

CALVANESE Diego, DE GIACOMO Giuseppe, LEMBO Domenico, LENZERINI Maurizio, ROSATI Riccardo

An ontology-based data integration (OBDI) system is an information management system consisting of three components: an ontology, a set of data sources, and the mapping between the two. The ontology is a conceptual, formal description of the domain of interest to a given organization (or a community of users), expressed in terms of relevant concepts, attributes of concepts, relationships between concepts, and logical assertions characterizing the domain knowledge. The data sources are the repositories accessible by the organization where data concerning the domain are stored. In the general case, such repositories are numerous, heterogeneous, each one managed and maintained independently from the others. The mapping is a precise specification of the correspondence between the data contained in the data sources and the elements of the ontology. The main purpose of an OBDI system is to allow information consumers to query the data using the elements in the ontology as predicates. In the special case where the organization manages a single data source, the term ontology-based data access (ODBA) system is used.
ISBN: 978-1-4614-8266-6; 978-1-4614-8265-9; 978-1-4614-8264-2
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