In the field of sentiment analysis, several studies have highlighted that a single sentence may express multiple, sometimes contrasting, sentiments and emotions, each with its own experiencer, target and/or cause. To this end, over the past few years researchers have started to collect and annotate data manually, in order to investigate the capabilities of automatic systems not only to distinguish between emotions, but also to capture their semantic constituents. However, currently available gold datasets are heterogeneous in size, domain, format, splits, emotion categories and role labels, making comparisons across different works difficult and hampering progress in the area. In this paper, we tackle this issue and present a unified evaluation framework focused on Semantic Role Labeling for Emotions (SRL4E), in which we unify several datasets tagged with emotions and semantic roles by using a common labeling scheme. We use SRL4E as a benchmark to evaluate how modern pretrained language models perform and analyze where we currently stand in this task, hoping to provide the tools to facilitate studies in this complex area.
2022, Proceedings of the 60th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Volume 1: Long Papers), Pages 4586-4601
SRL4E - Semantic Role Labeling for Emotions: A Unified Evaluation Framework (04b Atto di convegno in volume)
Campagnano Cesare, Conia Simone, Navigli Roberto
Gruppo di ricerca: Natural Language Processing