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Proletarian and Outcast Material Culture in the Postmedieval Touscan Countryside. Commercial pottery networks at the long durèe site of San Galgano, San Gimignano and Villa Solaia (16th-19th c.) (04b Atto di convegno in volume)

Menghini Cristina, Bertoldi Stefano, Nardini Alessandra, Palmas Carla

This paper considers the road network and the transformati on of the supplied pott ery, by analysing the material culture of three Tuscan case stu dies between the 16th and 19th century: San Galgano, San Domenico, and Villa Solaia. San Galgano was a magnifi cent Cistercian abbey founded in the 13th century, but due to the wide-ranging economic crisis at the end of the 15th century, the abbey became occupied by farmers who lived there unti l the fi rst half of the 20th century. The trademarks on the pott ery show the types and provenance from diff erent part of Italy (e.g. Liguria, Piemonte and Lombardia), despite the peripherical locati on of the abbey and its distance from major roads. The site of San Domenico at San Gimignano was a monastery founded at the end of 16th century, which in 1787 was converted into a prison. Villa Solaia was a private villa near the city of Siena, but between the 16th and 17th century acted as a small rural farm. Although these three sites are physically and geographically diverse, they are deeply connected by their populati ons of a low social class. The aim of this study is to understand the regional and extra-regional networks infl uenced by the authority and used by proletarian and outcast communiti es.
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