Energy consumption has become a core concern in computing systems. In this context, power capping is an approach that aims at ensuring that the power consumption of a system does not overcome a predefined threshold. Although various power capping techniques exist in the literature, they do not fit well the nature of multi-threaded workloads with shared data accesses and non-minimal thread-level concurrency. For these workloads, scalability may be limited by thread contention on hardware resources and/or data, to the point that performance may even decrease while increasing the thread-level parallelism, indicating scarce ability to exploit the actual computing power available in highly parallel hardware. In this paper, we consider the problem of maximizing the performance of multi-thread applications under a power cap by dynamically tuning the thread-level parallelism and the power state of CPU-cores in combination. Based on experimental observations, we design a technique that adaptively identifies, in linear time within a bi-dimensional space, the optimal parallelism and power state setting. We evaluated the proposed technique with different benchmark applications, and using different methods for synchronizing threads when accessing shared data, and we compared it with other state-of-the-art power capping techniques.
2018, ICPE '18 Proceedings of the 2018 ACM/SPEC International Conference on Performance Engineering, Pages 16-27
Adaptive performance optimization under power constraint in multi-thread applications with diverse scalability (04b Atto di convegno in volume)
Conoci Stefano, DI SANZO Pierangelo, Ciciani Bruno, Quaglia Francesco