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2022, 2022 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2022), Pages 13167-13173

Handling Non-Convex Constraints in MPC-Based Humanoid Gait Generation (04b Atto di convegno in volume)

Habib Andrew S., Smaldone Filippo M., Scianca Nicola, Lanari Leonardo, Oriolo Giuseppe

In most MPC-based schemes used for humanoid gait generation, simple Quadratic Programming (QP) problems are considered for real-time implementation. Since these only allow for convex constraints, the generated gait may be conservative. In this paper we focus on the non-convex reachable region of the swinging foot, also known as Kinematic Admissible Region (KAR), and the corresponding constraint. We represent an approximation of such non-convex region as the union of multiple non-overlapping convex sub-regions. By leveraging the concept of feasibility region, i.e., the subset of the state space for which a QP problem is feasible, and introducing a proper selection criterion, we are able to maintain linearity of the constraints and thus use our Intrinsically Stable Model Predictive Control (IS-MPC) scheme with a negligible additional computational load. This approach allows for a wider range of possible generated motions and is very effective when reacting to a push or avoiding an obstacle, as illustrated in dynamically simulated scenarios.
ISBN: 978-1-6654-7927-1
Gruppo di ricerca: Robotics
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