This letter discusses stochastic optimal control of an energy storage system (ESS) for reducing the impact on the grid of fast charging of electric vehicles in a charging area. A trade off is achieved between the objectives of limiting the charging power exchanged with the grid, and the one of limiting the fluctuation, around a given reference, of the ESS energy. We show that the solution of the problem can be derived from the one of a related deterministic problem, requiring the realistic assumption that the charging area operator knows an estimate of the aggregated charging power demand over the day. In addition, two alternative configurations of the charging area are discussed, and it is shown that, while they share the same solution, one better mitigates the demand uncertainty. Numeric simulations are provided to validate the proposed approach.
2021, IEEE CONTROL SYSTEMS LETTERS, Pages -
Optimal Stochastic Control of Energy Storage System Based on Pontryagin Minimum Principle for Flattening PEV Fast Charging in a Service Area (01a Articolo in rivista)
Liberati Francesco, Di Giorgio Alessandro, Koch Giorgio
Gruppo di ricerca: Networked Systems