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Dettaglio pubblicazione

2020, SIAM JOURNAL ON COMPUTING, Pages 821-864 (volume: 49)

Find your place: Simple distributed algorithms for community detection (01a Articolo in rivista)

Becchetti L., Clementi A. E., Natale E., Pasquale F., Trevisan L.

Given an underlying graph, we consider the following dynamics: Initially, each node locally chooses a value in { - 1, 1}, uniformly at random and independently of other nodes. Then, in each consecutive round, every node updates its local value to the average of the values held by its neighbors, at the same time applying an elementary, local clustering rule that only depends on the current and the previous values held by the node. We prove that the process resulting from this dynamics produces a clustering that exactly or approximately (depending on the graph) reflects the underlying cut in logarithmic time, under various graph models that exhibit a sparse balanced cut, including the stochastic block model. We also prove that a natural extension of this dynamics performs community detection on a regularized version of the stochastic block model with multiple communities. Rather surprisingly, our results provide rigorous evidence for the ability of an extremely simple and natural dynamics to perform community detection, a computational problem which is nontrivial even in a centralized setting.
Gruppo di ricerca: Algorithms and Data Science
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